These small oligarchs in Hargeisa must be stooped for the common good By Mohamed Farah (saqiiro).
demonstration in Borama city just concluded last week with a great loss of
lives. One teenage boy died and half a dozen youth also sustained pullet
wounds, while the Hargeisa government delegation led by vice president
Zaylici accidently killed a girl on the road in their hasty retreat.
Another contentious saga in Zaylac also concluded with the swearing of the
rightly elected mayor Hussein Iidle after one month of arm wrestling by the
the highest level of Somaliland and Jibouti governments. A simple municipal
election which could have been the foundation of local self government was
transformed in to high stakes political maneuvering by a special interest group
which does not recognize boundaries. Their where a lot news in the media
about the mischievous meeting between President Geele and Ahmed
Siilaanyo regarding the manipulation and undermining of the mayoral result
of the Zaylac district. I have no intention of rehashing that agreement, but
I believe most of the political and business disagreements that arose from
Somaliland for the last 20 years was authored by these Oligarchs.
The Gebilay community whether they are Baha Samaroon or their
neighbor the Gibril Abokor suffered significantly in terms of economy due
to the rise of Hargeisa. Regardless of their big political noise, the Gabiley
community is diminished economically. This region was the main hub for
the traders of life-stoke import to the gulf. Unemployment and poverty
are among the highest in the country except the Sool region. I believe
the Gabilay community must reject the political plans of the Hargeisa elite
to destabilize their region and create mistrust among brotherly community.
The youth and former SNM members are used by the Hargeisa oligarchs
as a political pawns. An informed friend told me that while these guys
never fought any war physically for the last 22 years , most of the
conflict suffered by the people of Somaliland is originated from them.
These Sacad muuse who reside Hargeisa could transform the city
and this country like another Mogadhisho. During president Rayaale`s
term they were 70% of Somaliland civil servant directors, managers and
heads of independent government agencies. If people of Somaliland
want to avoid the mogadhisation of Hargeisa by this insidious group
they must reject the interference of the Oligarchs in their democracy.
If you look carefully the latest conflict or fictional one in Zaylac you can
easily trace to these oligarchs. A delegation from the djibouti palace
reached Hargeisa in the middle of December and demanded from
president Siilaanyo to annul or override the will of the people in Zaylac
and appoint his place a mayor from the community who lost the election.
A brief meeting with vice president Zaylici to resolve the issue on the
behalf of delegation was unsuccessful. Siilaanyo told the delegation
that he can not reverse the vote, they asked him to alleviate the
status of the city as class A and appoint four more councilors in
order to make the Ciise community the majority. Siilaanyo again
explained that to change the status of cities the constitution must
be amended which can only be done through the parliament.
The Djibouti delegation could not swallow this realty and decided
to pass the constitutional hurdle by employing the Hargeisa
oligarchy. The oligarchy informed Siilaanyo that they would
try to resolve the impasse by their own and started the campaign.
Led by the uncle of Djibouti’s first lady and Muuse Biixi, they
assembled about twenty business and community elders and
six government ministers and The vice President of the country.
Even the vice president could not resist this huge pressure.
When Zaylici pointed out that the consensus among the Awdal
community which is overwhelmingly against these maneuvering,
the Oligarchy convinced him to accompany them to Borama
and be an Honorable observer. `Tolkaa ayaan codsi ka rabnaaye
magaalada noo raac`. They already knew the writing on the
wall but to protect it`s business interest in Djibouti as well as in
Hargeisa the Oligarchy insisted to push and force the issue.
One of the Awdal elders said “we thought Somaliland was a
government of the people not a front company for small traders
of Hargeisa “. If you check the webster dictionary, Oligarchy
means: a government by small group of well connected people.“
Many observers could not believe a government will shamelessly
go against it`s own constitution to further the interest of a
foreign government at the expense of it`s own citizens. What
most people don`t realize is the government itself is hostage to
these Oligarchs. Reliable sources confirm that the ruling party
Kulmiye is losing support among those who voted for the party
during the last election by undermining and working against it`s
own interest, Siilaanyo does not have the power or the base in
Hargeisa to confront the Oligarchy, he already seen their
actions in Seemaal and Gabiley to create chaos among the
neighbors in order to destabilize his government. He even
reappointed the disgraced governor of Hargeisa to appease
The reach of these group have no boundaries. They control
the hard currency business and the foreign trade activity
in Djibouti, They already invested more than hundred of
millions of Djibouti’s central bank money in Hargeisa and
have access to the foreign aid money donated by the
international community to lift Djibouti out of poverty.
Some Djibouti observers think the Oligarchs will rule this
part of the horn as long as Geele remains in power, while
in Somaliland they are the undisputed rulers behind the throne.
They control under ground cable and communications companies,
foreign currency exchanges, airlines and major hotels. Almost
all government contracts are awarded to these front companies,
in other words they are state within state.
While it is impossible to defeat this entrenched Oligarchs at the
moment, it is imperative for the people of Somaliland to be informed
of their plans and the negative impact that could arise from their actions.
Mohamed Farah (saqiiro).